Hailing from the Netherlands, Grammy-nominated musician and producer Nicolay is an independent in every sense of the word. The Dutch producer first made his mark in a transatlantic collaborative project with Phonte Coleman, who at the time was Â½ of the highly respected North Carolina hip-hop duo, Little Brother. The two met on OkayPlayer message boards after Phonte asked to place rhymes over one of Nicolayâs beats. The two have since gone on to form the Grammy-nominated independent group, The Foreign Exchange. In this exclusive interview, Hypebotâs Hisham Dahud discusses with Nicolay life as an independent artist, his views on crowdfunding, streaming services and a whole lot more.
Nicolay: I believe that the connection between artist and fan has become the very center that everything revolves around. Any musician should ask himself or herself this question:
âWhy would anyone purchase my album when they have instant access, whether it is legitimate or illegal, to literally all of the music past and present that their heart desires?â
It mostly has to do with that connection. Besides loving your music, a fan wants to care about you and about what you represent, and feel that you care about them as well. Just being on âAmerican Idolâ is no longer going to cut it. Thatâs why the up and coming independent artists have a leg up. Major label artists that depend on huge marketing budgets to promote their releases are now competing with a new generation of artists who have literally grown up on Facebook, Twitter and YouTube and are reaching people in totally new ways. If you follow current sales trends then you know that more often than not, the indies are starting to come out on top.
Hisham: How do you maintain your living so that you can focus on music full time?
Nicolay: The first thing that I learned is that in our lane, you canât survive on royalties alone. Itâs all of our activities combined that float the boat: recording and releasing music, doing remixes and features, performing live, DJing and hosting events, and manufacturing and selling merchandise. As with running any business, itâs like walking a tight rope sometimes. Not only do we need to eat, but we have people working for and with us that need to eat as well. On top of that, we need to maintain a steady cash flow to fund all of our releases and projects. And the âKickstarterâ path that more and more artists go down, that is just not âusâ. So it doesnât ever get easy but we have been making it work, not to mention right through one of the worst recessions ever. Thatâs humbling.
On a personal level, I just feel privileged that music and music alone has been my source of income for about eight years now â going on a decade. I should throw a party around that time.
Hisham: As an independent, what are some of the biggest challenges you face in todayâs music space?
Nicolay: I think that the biggest challenge that any musician faces today is the sheer abundance of music that is being released. There are more players on the field now than ever before in the history of recorded music, and the result is an oversaturated music market.
Firstly, the expansion of the internet and social media on the one hand and the development of encoding formats like MP3 on the other have made it easier than ever to reach people directly and expose them to music without the aid of a traditional record label or distributor. This is a blessing as well as a curse, because for the same reason it is now also easier than ever to get lost in the shuffle and be completely overlooked â especially if you consider that a growing percentage of all music is being offered for free.
Secondly, the rapid advances in music production technology have now made it possible for pretty much any aspiring musician that owns a laptop to produce adequate sounding music recordings for a fraction of the cost it would take to rent a studio and hire an engineer. Itâs easier than ever to participate.
Clearly, I am a good example of someone who has benefitted greatly from some of these advances, and so I am not complaining. Far from it; I think it is a very exciting time to be an independent musician, as there are opportunities out there today that simply werenât there ten years ago when I first got started. But you have to be realistic and acknowledge the negative implications of the progress. People do buy less music; record stores are disappearing.
Hisham: How do you keep up with everything?
Nicolay: We manage to keep our heads above the water because we donât try to keep up. We basically decided to play according to our own rules and nobody elseâs. We put the music first and we donât compromise. Over the years, this approach and more importantly the quality of our releases has gained us a worldwide fan base and their support literally keeps the lights on. In a lot of ways we have placed ourselves outside of the traditional music industry, partly due to the fact that a lot of doors continue to stay closed for us, even after a Grammy nomination. Instead, we have put our primary focus on continuing to build up our fan base from the inside out, one person at a time. You wonât hear us on national radio or see us on national television but by way of word-of-mouth alone more and more people are discovering us every day.
Another important part of our strategy is extensive touring. Once the âAuthenticity Tourâ wraps up for instance, we will have visited over forty cities in the United States as well as four cities in Europe. Extensive touring can still be a very effective tool in breaking music to a larger audience.
Hisham: Part of being independent is the wearing of two very different hats â Nicolay the artist, and Nicolay the businessperson. How do you balance the two? How do you remain creatively inspired while also focusing on your bottom line? Do the two ever interfere?
Nicolay: I consider myself an artist first and foremost, and so the bottom line for me never changes â the music comes first, and the business operates in service of the music. That being said, I have always looked at the business side of the equation as something you can approach creatively as well, and so I am quite comfortable wearing either hat at this point.
There are only so many hours in a day, so I keep the two sides in balance by not having much of a social life, by being on the road a lot and by almost always being âonâ. There are a million good reasons to âdo it yourselfâ, and I personally wouldnât want to do it any other way at this point, but if you want to play for keeps and make a difference, you do pay a price and what you donât pay for with money, you pay for with time.
At this point, we have assumed control over virtually all aspects of the music making process, and we do most things either in-house of in close collaboration with a few select partners. This helps us to keep our overhead low, but it obviously can be a very time-consuming method. We are responsible for other artists and their music as well, and we want to do right by them. That is something that we donât take lightly at all.
Hisham: What were some of the milestone moments in your career that brought you to where youâre at today?
Nicolay: An obvious first choice for me would be connecting with Phonte on the Okayplayer message boards ca. 2001/2002, culminating in the release of our first album âConnectedâ in 2004. When it comes to the development of my talents and my career, Phonte has been of crucial importance â a true catalyst. We always push each other to go further and to try harder, and even though we can sometimes have different opinions on things, we share the same basic philosophies about music and the industry. Outside of the fact that our musical partnership has proven to be very fruitful, I greatly value his friendship. We have grown from an unlikely match to an unstoppable force, and our chemistry has always been undeniable.
The release of âConnectedâ itself was a watershed moment for me. Thereâs before âConnectedâ and after âConnectedâ, more or less. The success of that album, even though it was on an underground level, blew everything wide open for me. More specifically, it was that album that made it possible for me to quit my job and Iâll never forget that how good that felt.
Another milestone moment was the Artist Visa to the United States that I was awarded in 2006. When the âConnectedâ album proved successful in the States specifically and a lot of opportunities started coming along, it became clear to me that if I wanted to fully pursue my dreams and make a living playing music, I had to move across the Atlantic. That was probably the most difficult decision I have made to date as it essentially meant leaving behind my parents, brother and sister, family and friends, but in my heart I knew that it was the right thing to do and so I applied. It was a very rigorous and costly process, because they award these artist visas only sporadically. I considered it a big honor when my work was deemed worthy and I got the stamp of approval.
Being away from home doesnât get easier over time, but dreams donât usually come true without some form of sacrifice. The move across the Atlantic to the United States definitely ended up putting my career into next gear.
Hisham: How did the Grammy nomination change things for you?
Nicolay: The Grammy nomination for âDaykeeperâ was definitely a milestone, partly because it was quite literally the last thing we expected to happen. Phonte and I werenât even members of the Recording Academy at the time, but we submitted several tracks from our second album âLeave It All Behindâ to the Grammies anyway, not thinking too much of it since we didnât have the backing or leverage of a traditional label. When the nominations were announced in December of 2009, it was almost too good to be true that âDaykeeperâ was nominated in the Best Urban/Alternative Performance category. We hadnât played the âgameâ, we hadnât done any of the smooching that they say is required for you to even be considered. It was purely the power of our music and that song in particular that made it through. People had no clue who we where, and a lot of them still donât. But thereâs something special about that song, and they recognized it.
Of course, we didnât win, but the experience was one of a lifetime. People often ask us what the Grammy nomination has done for us or how it has changed us, and I can honestly say that it hasnât really done or changed a whole lot. I wonât deny that it got us a lot of attention and that it helped give âLeave It All Behindâ some extra legs, but the main thing that I got out of it personally was that our family, friends and fans were really, really proud. It did really feel like a moment of validation. For that reason alone I wouldnât have missed it for the world. Plus, I do now get to put âGrammy nominated music producerâ behind my name and thatâs nothing to sniff at.
Hisham: Do you feel that streaming services like Spotify and Pandora are beneficial or detrimental for todayâs indie musician? Do you feel your record sales would do better without these services? Or does the promotional and/or discovery value outweigh any potential dollar amount from record sales?
Nicolay: First and foremost, I am a proponent of streaming services because there is no real reason not to be, in my eyes. Artists like us canât depend on national media and so the discovery value of things like streaming services and even file sharing definitely outweighs the disadvantages. That being said, people do have to understand that the income from streaming services will never be a substitute for the income that is being lost due to dwindling album sales. The whole concept of how to exploit streaming music is obviously still in its infancy stage and itâs impossible to predict how this model will develop and change over time, but you are literally talking about cents and dimes here. I would be highly surprised if those streaming services would ever make a real difference in terms of the artistâs bottom line.
Hisham: What do you hope to see occur in the next few years that will allow musicians to hold more sustainable careers while providing the world with their art? Will it ever âget betterâ?
Nicolay: Not to be a downer, but realistically speaking I donât know that things will âget betterâ. It will continue to that get harder and harder for any new artist to find and keep the attention of an audience, let alone to build a sustainable career over a longer period of time.
Something that I do hope to see happen in the next few years is the disappearance of the whole crowdfunding thing that is blowing up right now. It almost feels as though independent artists are flocking to the Kickstarters of the world because they look at those platforms as the new âlabelsâ, and the income that they obtain using these sources as the new âadvanceâ. If anyone feels that itâs the best avenue for them to explore, then more power to them.
I personally have several issues with the concept; the most important one being that I would not feel right about charging someone for something that in most cases doesnât even yet exist. And even if we are talking about an album that in fact has already been finished and the artist needs funds to release and promote it, then why are they not reaching into their own pockets? It is not the responsibility of your fans to facilitate your entire operation. And I am not even going to get into the awkward situation that arises from a Kickstarter campaign that does not succeed to bring in the intended amount.
The bottom line: I strongly believe that in this new world order, an independent artistâs best chance is to stay 100% independent, and that means independence from their audience as well.
Hisham: Any final thoughts youâd like to share with readers?
Nicolay: If you have made it this far, Iâd like to thank you sincerely for reading. To all of the independent and aspiring artists that read this: if you feel that music is your calling then keep going at all cost. I once read somewhere that genius consists of 10% inspiration and 90% perspiration, so roll up your sleeves because you are not going anywhere without some blood, sweat and tears. We are the perfect example of what can happen if you do!
For more information on Nicolay and The Foreign Exchange, head to www.TheForeignExchangeMusic.com. You can also stay up to date by following Nicolay and The Foreign Exhange on Twitter, as well as Nicolay's Facebook page.