D.I.Y.

A musician’s guide to AI graphics [Brian Hazard]

Music marketing master Brian Hazard talks about hot to use AI (artificial intelligence) generated graphics as a musician.

by Brian Hazard of Passive Promotion

[Also: How to design free cover, poster art using AI]

Last weekend, I had some time on my hands.

My wife was in Vegas for a soccer tournament, my daughter was at UCLA for a Model United Nations conference, and my son was at UCI where he always is.

So I went out drinking.

Haha, no I didn’t. I stayed home and worked on expanding my repertoire of production techniques. But I did set aside some time for fun.

And what could be more fun than training Stable Diffusion, a graphical AI engine?

I fed it photos of my wife using Dreambooth to create a dozen or so images that look just like her. Not that’d you’d know one way or another.

I wasn’t sure it was going to work, but once it clearly did, I trained the engine on myself using press photos.

Here’s one of me looking sort of “synthwave badass.”

Brian Hazard as a synthwave badass

And at the other end of the toxic masculinity spectrum, here’s me as a Pixar character:

Brian Hazard as a Pixar character

Here’s a totally not creepy one of me made out of leaves, with a second personage protruding from my abdomen:

Brian Hazard in leaves

Swapping the word “leaves” for “wires”:

Brian Hazard in wires

This is… whatever this is:

Brian Hazard as a... ?

Finally, due to popular demand, here’s a playing card with me as a Jedi. They call me The Jin Jadd! 

Brian Hazard as a Jedi

This will all be photorealistic in six months, tops. As if we as a society didn’t already have a hard enough time discerning truth from fiction!

In the meantime, got any suggestions for what I should make? 

Training Stable Diffusion with DreamBooth

I sent the above out as an email a couple days ago, and posted it to social media yesterday.

Since then, at least a dozen people have asked me how I did it, hence this post.

AI image creation has come a long way since I last wrote about it in August. Those images are laughable to me now. And to think, I was willing to use them as cover art!

While I’m no expert, I’ve been keeping up on YouTube with guys like Olivio SarikasScott DetweilerPatrick Galbraith, and Sebastian Kamph. Seems like every day there’s a new development!

As such, I’m not going to attempt to write a step-by-step guide. I’m just going to point you in the right direction, because the specifics may not apply tomorrow.

Taking a monster step back, there are three main graphic AI tools accessible to the public right now: MidjourneyDALL·E 2, and Stable Diffusion.

Stable Diffusion is open source, and as such, has many different implementations. The most accessible is DreamStudio, which runs in your browser.

You can even run it locally on your own computer, and I do! Problem is, it’s slow. A much faster, cleaner, and simpler way to do it is using Google Colab.

I’m amazed that Google Colab is a thing. Essentially you run code on their servers and graphics cards, for free!

I’m paying $10 a month for Colab Pro, but I can’t tell the difference from the free version. My understanding is I’m less likely to get booted off for inactivity, and I could select a higher-end graphics card if I wanted to.

Okay, here’s the barebones “how to” part. Go here, scroll down, and click on the AUTOMATIC1111 screenshot (the one on the left):

TheLastBen Stable Diffusion Dreambooth Colab

Click on the little play buttons on the lefthand side in sequence. It’ll probably take 10 minutes to get fully up and running.

The last step is to click on the generated link at the bottom of the Colab notebook, which will open up the AUTOMATIC1111 interface in a new browser tab.

If that’s all the instruction you need, kudos to you! Most likely you’ll want to seek out guidance on the Github page, YouTube, Reddit, and/or Discord. As of this writing, there’s a fantastic guide over on ByteXD.

Here’s a peek at the AUTOMATIC1111 interface (click to enlarge), with roughly the settings I used to create the featured image at the top of this page:

AUTOMATIC1111 interface

I borrowed the prompt from an image I liked at Lexica, modifying it for my needs.

Okay, so now you’re running Stable Diffusion on Google Colab. The next step is training the model using DreamBooth.

You access the appropriate Colab notebook in the same place. This time, click on the screenshot on the right.

You’ll need 15 or so photos of the subject, center-cropped to 512×512 pixels. It can be a person or even a pet!

You’ll end up with a .ckpt (checkpoint) file, which you’ll move into the appropriate folder on Google Drive so that you can select it from the AUTOMATIC1111 interface.

There’s so much more to explore! Inpainting, outpainting, upscaling, even animation.

The Thorny Ethics of Image AI

As you can imagine, artists are less than thrilled at the prospect of being replaced by code.

I designed cover art for three releases so far with the help of AI, and I don’t see myself hiring a pro again, at least for singles.

And I’m not alone! As a SubmitHub curator, I see dozens of releases every week with AI-generated cover art.

I know how it feels. Way back in 2014, I wrote about automated mastering and made a strong argument for why a pro is superior. Even today, it’s not even close, at least if you want the tracks on your album to match.

Back then I’d get a half dozen new mastering jobs a month purely from word-of-mouth. These days, I’m down to maybe one.

Now I’m mostly producing for artists from an earlier stage in the process, including vocal editing, mixing and mastering. I’ve adapted as best I can, but I’m definitely working and making less.

AI mastering is even featured in the latest release of Ozone, just as AI image generation is going to be part of the next version of Photoshop.

Like it or not, AI is going mainstream.

In one sense, graphic artists have it worse. It’s not like someone can request “mastering to -9 LUFS in the style of Brian Hazard.” But with image AI, anyone can do just that.

It’s one thing when we’re talking about Van Gogh or Monet, but more often living and breathing working professionals are named in the prompt. Their styles were scraped from the internet without their consent, and they aren’t receiving any royalties for works generated under their name.

As you can see from the screenshot above, that hasn’t stopped me from generating images using a mishmash of artist names I’ve never even heard of! 

I hope we can arrive at a solution that compensates artists fairly, but I’m not holding my breath.

MORE: How to design free cover, poster art using AI [Artificial Intelligence]

Brian Hazard is a recording artist with over twenty years of experience promoting a dozen Color Theory albums, and head mastering engineer and owner of Resonance Mastering in Huntington Beach, California.

His Passive Promotion blog emphasizes “set it and forget it” methods of music promotion.
Catch more of his promotional escapades in his How I’m Promoting My Music This Monthemail newsletter.

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